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Tough growing season spells drop in yields for Riverland

Published:  20 January, 2020

Hot and dry conditions have made for a tough growing season in many South Australian regions, according to the state’s Riverland where harvest has begun with early Chardonnay grapes picked for sparkling wine.

Early indications pointed to a lower than average yield this year due to the hot and dry conditions and a hail storm that wiped out about 8000 tonnes of grapes in November, said Riverland Wine executive chair Chris Byrne.

“The reports coming in from the field are quite variable and I think they carry a fair bit of indication about who has water and who doesn’t have enough water,” he said.

“There will be less grapes because we know there has been less water and we’ve had some severe heat so it will definitely be a smaller crop than last year’s 474,000 tonnes but you can’t place too much reliance on the first few tonnes that come in.”

The quality of the grapes at his Loxton vineyard were “looking like they’ll be some of the best we’ve ever grown”, added Byrne. 

However, he said the likelihood of heatwaves between now and when the last grapes were picked was a “big unknown”.

“If you get a run of days in the mid-40s then all sorts of things can happen in the vineyard. It requires a huge amount of diligence to keep the moisture at the right level and you have to be well prepared in advance,” he said.

“But the Riverland is the best at doing it because we’ve had so much practice and we’ve got by far the best irrigation infrastructure to deliver water to farms and most of them these days have got very good on-farm irrigation distribution and measurement systems.”

The Riverland typically grows about half of South Australia’s wine grapes and is responsible for 25% of national production, according to Riverland Wine, which has partnered with the University of Adelaide and Wine Australia on a $5 million project to develop a digital platform to help grape growers optimise irrigation.

The hot, dry season and a shortage of irrigation water also has the Barossa Valley on track to record below average yields this vintage while Adelaide Hills vignerons are waiting to see what impact smoke from last month’s Cudlee Creek bushfire could have on their grapes.

Large volumes of white grapes are not expected to be picked until the end of the month in the Riverland with red varieties to follow from mid-February.

Picking in the Clare and Barossa valleys is likely to begin in earnest in early February ahead of the more southerly regions such as McLaren Vale, Langhorne Creek, Adelaide Hills and Limestone Coast.

South Australia is responsible for about 50% of Australia’s annual production and 80% of its premium wine.